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Please note: This summary is provided to help you understand the regulations. Consult the references provided for links to the full text of the regulations.

Regulations » Water & Wastewater

Aircraft Drinking Water Summary Full Text
Aircraft Refueling Summary Full Text
Airport Deicing Rule Summary Full Text
Ballast Water & Invasive Species Summary Full Text
Bilgewater Summary Full Text
Clean Water Act (CWA) Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based) Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Tank Interiors Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Vehicle Washing Summary Full Text
Floor Drains Summary Full Text
Graywater Summary Full Text
Locomotive Coolant Discharge Summary Full Text
Metalworking Fluids Summary Full Text
Ocean Dumping Summary Full Text
Spills and Leaks, Prevention (SPCC Rule) Summary Full Text
Spills and Leaks, Reporting Summary Full Text
Stormwater Summary Full Text
Vessel General Permit Summary Full Text
Vessel Sewage Discharge Summary Full Text

Aircraft Drinking Water
Applies to: Aircraft that provide water for human consumption, and that serve an average of at least twenty-five individuals daily
Requires: Periodic monitoring of aircraft onboard drinking water systems for bacterial contamination, plus recordkeeping and notification requirements
See also:
  • Aircraft Refueling
    Applies to: Any facility that refuels commercial or general aviation aircraft.
    Requires: Fueling operations must comply with regulations covering potential contamination of stormwater runoff, as well as spill prevention and control measures covered under the SPCC rule.
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Diesel Fuel Storage Tanks
  • Spills and leaks, prevention (SPCC rule)
  • Spills and Leaks, Reporting
  • Stormwater
  • Tanks, Underground
  • Airport Deicing Rule
    Applies to: All airports that conduct aircraft deicing operations, and have 1,000 or more annual jet departures and 10,000 or more total annual departures
    Requires: Collection of a specified percentage of runoff from deicing operations, and treatment if necessary before release (proposed rule)
    See also:
  • Antifreeze
  • Ballast Water & Invasive Species
    Applies to: Any vessel, except for military and recreational vessels, that discharges ballast water into U.S. waters
    Requires: Ballast water from any vessel must be discharged in according to the rules found in section 2.2.3 of the Vessel General Permit (even for vessels that do not require the permit to operate).
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Bilgewater
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels
    Requires: Bilgewater must either be retained on board and disposed of on shore, or must meet discharge requirements as specified in the Vessel General Permit (VGP)
    See also:
  • Ballast Water and Invasive Species
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
    Applies to: The basic federal law regulating wastewater disposal
    Requires:

    Facilities that release wastewater to the environment are required to obtain discharge permits. May apply to stormwater runoff.

    See also:
  • Stormwater
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater from water-based parts cleaning operations
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
  • Cleaning, Solvent 
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater that has come into direct contact with a tank or container interior, including tanks on trucks, railcars, barges, and ships
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Floor Drains
  • Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater by any type of vehicle washing operation
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
  • Floor Drains
  • Floor Drains
    Applies to: Any facility with floor drains
    Requires: Facilities must obtain either a permit for direct discharge to the environment or a permit for discharge to a sewage treatment system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
  • Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
  • Graywater
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels
    Requires: Regulations require that vessels minimize graywater discharges to water, particularly near shore, and that discharges do not contain excessive levels of oils, phosphates, or other materials that can damage coastal ecosystems.
    See also:
  • Ballast Water and Invasive Species
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Locomotive Coolant Discharge
    Applies to: Any discharge of locomotive coolant falls under the rules that apply to the discharge of any industrial wastewater.
    Requires: Wastewater discharged from locomotive cooling systems must be hauled to an appropriate treatment facility, or a permit must be obtained, either from local authorities to discharge to a municipal sewer system, or from the EPA to discharge directly to the environment.
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Metalworking Fluids
    Applies to: Any facility that carries out machining operations
    Requires: Hazardous waste regulations may apply to storage and disposal
    See also:
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Cleaning, Solvent
  • Ocean Dumping
    Applies to: Any person or business must obtain a permit to dispose of wastes at sea
    Requires: Only a limited list of materials may be disposed of at sea, and a permit is required
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Spills and Leaks, Prevention (SPCC Rule)
    Applies to: Any facility with aboveground oil storage capacity greater than 1,320 U.S. gallons, or completely buried oil storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons. Oils covered under the rule include diesel fuel, gasoline, lubricating oils, water soluble machining oils, oil-filled electrical equipment, etc.
    Requires: Facilities are required to develop and implement a spill control plan
    See also:
  • Diesel Fuel Storage Tanks
  • Spills and Leaks, Reporting
  • Tanks, Underground
  • Spills and Leaks, Reporting
    Applies to: Any person, company or organization responsible for a release or spill
    Requires: Any person or organization responsible for a release or spill is required to notify the federal National Response Center when the amount reaches a federally determined limit
    See also:
  • Hazardous Waste Determination
  • Spills and Leaks, Prevention (SPCC Rule)
  • Stormwater
    Applies to: All industrial facilities that discharge stormwater, including runoff from rooftops, parking lots, and other impervious areas.
    Requires: Facilities must either obtain a permit or submit a no exposure certification form.
    See also:
    Vessel General Permit
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels; applies also to any non-recreational vessel under 79 feet that discharges ballast water into U.S. waters
    Requires: Vessel owners and operators must comply with requirements that include: assuring their discharges meet effluent limits, taking corrective actions to fix permit violations, and keeping and reporting records of inspections and monitoring data
    See also:
  • Ballast Water and Invasive Species
  • Bilgewater
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Graywater
  • Ocean Dumping
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
    Applies to: Any vessel with an installed toilet operating in U.S. waters
    Requires: Discharge must meet standards limiting bacterial level and solids content; discharge of sewage is prohibited entirely in some sensitive locations.
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • TERC Home