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Please note: This summary is provided to help you understand the regulations. Consult the references provided for links to the full text of the regulations.

Transportation Modes » Water » Vessel Operations & Maintenance

TERC contains information on the following topics related to maintenance and cleaning:

Ballast Water & Invasive Species Summary Full Text
Bilgewater Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Solvent Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Tank Interiors Summary Full Text
Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
Summary Full Text
Diesel Fuel Requirements (Marine) Summary Full Text
Graywater Summary Full Text
Ocean Dumping Summary Full Text
Painting Operations - Vehicle Repainting Summary Full Text
Vessel General Permit Summary Full Text
Vessel Sewage Discharge Summary Full Text

Ballast Water & Invasive Species
Applies to: Any vessel, except for military and recreational vessels, that discharges ballast water into U.S. waters
Requires: Ballast water from any vessel must be discharged in according to the rules found in section 2.2.3 of the Vessel General Permit (even for vessels that do not require the permit to operate).
See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Bilgewater
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels
    Requires: Bilgewater must either be retained on board and disposed of on shore, or must meet discharge requirements as specified in the Vessel General Permit (VGP)
    See also:
  • Ballast Water & Invasive Species
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater from water-based parts cleaning operations
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
  • Cleaning, Solvent 
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
  • Cleaning, Solvent
    Applies to: Any facility carrying out processes that involve cleaning with petroleum-based (non-water-based) solvents, including degreasers and solvent-based parts washers. The regulations also cover the use and disposal of solvent wetted rags to manually wipe soils from the metal surfaces (hand wiping).
    Requires: Hazardous waste regulations may apply to storage and disposal; some facilities may need air emissions permits.
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Hazardous Waste Determination
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater that has come into direct contact with a tank or container interior, including tanks on trucks, railcars, barges, and ships
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Floor Drains
  • Cleaning, Vehicle Washing
    Applies to: Any business that generates wastewater by any type of vehicle washing operation
    Requires: Permit required for wastewater discharge to environment or to municipal sewage system
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Cleaning, Tank Interiors
  • Floor Drains
  • Diesel Fuel Requirements (Marine)
    Applies to: All vessels registered in any of over 150 countries (including the U.S.) that are signatories to the MARPOL agreement.
    Requires: Sulfur content of fuel must be below a specified maximum. Special rules apply when operating in designated geographical areas.
    See also:
  • Alternative Fuels
  • Clean Air Act
  • Engine Emissions (Marine Engines)
  • National Clean Diesel Campaign (exit TERC)
  • Graywater
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels
    Requires: Regulations require that vessels minimize graywater discharges to water, particularly near shore, and that discharges do not contain excessive levels of oils, phosphates, or other materials that can damage coastal ecosystems.
    See also:
  • Ballast Water & Invasive Species
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Ocean Dumping
    Applies to: Any person or business must obtain a permit to dispose of wastes at sea
    Requires: Only a limited list of materials may be disposed of at sea, and a permit is required
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Painting Operations - Vehicle Repainting
    Applies to: Most facilities that carry out spray painting operations
    Requires: Most spray painting operations require air emissions permits from state or federal agencies
    See also:
  • Cleaning, Parts Cleaners (Water-based)
  • Cleaning, Solvent 
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Vessel General Permit
    Applies to: Any vessel 79 feet in length or greater, except for military and recreational vessels; applies also to any non-recreational vessel under 79 feet that discharges ballast water into U.S. waters
    Requires: Vessel owners and operators must comply with requirements that include: assuring their discharges meet effluent limits, taking corrective actions to fix permit violations, and keeping and reporting records of inspections and monitoring data
    See also:
  • Ballast Water & Invasive Species
  • Bilgewater
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Graywater
  • Ocean Dumping
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
  • Vessel Sewage Discharge
    Applies to: Any vessel with an installed toilet operating in U.S. waters
    Requires: Discharge must meet standards limiting bacterial level and solids content; discharge of sewage is prohibited entirely in some sensitive locations.
    See also:
  • Clean Water Act (CWA)
  • Vessel General Permit (VGP)
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